Ganesh is one of the five major Hindu deities (along with Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva and Durga) and devotees who worship him are called Ganapatyas. There are lots of areas of significance in the way Ganesh is represented in art, statues and pictures. His elephant head symbolises the Atman or the soul and his human body signifies Maya, the existence of humans on earth. He holds a goad in his right hand, which is said to help remove obstacles in people's lives and a noose in his left hand represents a tool to capture difficulties.
Additionally, his pot belly represents infinite universes and the position of his legs - there's often one on the ground and one raised - highlight the importance of maintaining balance in both the spiritual and earthly worlds. The four arms represent the four inner attributes of the subtle body - mind, intellect, conditioned conscience and ego.
Ganesh is worshipped and called upon by those wanting assistance with removing obstacles in their life, such as on their spiritual path, and for enhancing intellectual ability and wisdom.
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